Traditional manufacturing supply chains based on the principle of make-use-discard, that have historically served the marketplace well, are no longer sustainable.  Circular service supply chains are developing that promote the return and refurbishment of one-time-use products and end-of-life items for their reuse.   There are two main reasons why this is happening; businesses are challenged with a) the scarcity of raw materials and related price volatility and b) the pressure to reduce waste and become more environmentally sensitive and compliant.

The circular supply chain

A circular service supply chain encourages manufacturers and distributors of products to recover used and discarded products and materials for eventual reuse.

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